The machinery industry has a wide and complex scope and can be divided into broad and narrow senses due to the content it covers. The machinery industry in a broad sense includes general machinery, electrical machinery, transportation tools, precision equipment, metal products, etc.; machinery industry in a narrow sense refers to machinery and auxiliary equipment directly used in production by various industries, including metal processing machinery, industrial machinery, and special Production machinery, electronic production equipment, general machinery, conveying and automation equipment, metal molds, other machinery, and components, etc.
Therefore, the technology integrated into the machinery industry includes many majors such as machinery, electronics, optoelectronics, materials, physics, software, and electromechanical control. It is a technology and capital-intensive industry. Based on the country's overall economic development and competitiveness performance, countries all over the world are striving to develop the machinery industry.
The evolution of Taiwan's machinery industry
Taiwan's modern machinery industry originated from the late Qing Dynasty famous general Shen Baozhen in 1867 who sent people to station in Taiwan to mine coal mines following the Western method. In 1886, Taiwan's first governor, Liu Mingchuan, actively promoted various modernizations and established the "Taiwan Machinery Bureau" in Taipei to manufacture military machinery and railway equipment, becoming Taiwan's earliest machinery factory. In the early days of Japan’s colonization of Taiwan, the machinery industry was not taken seriously. After the outbreak of the 918 incident in 1931, the Japanese positioned Taiwan as a forward base for their southern invasion. In response to its military needs, Taiwan’s industry gradually broke away from the restrictions that existed for agricultural needs. Machinery projects such as ship vehicles, metal product manufacturing, and metal smelting have emerged one after another. Taiwan's machinery industry before Liberation mainly performed mechanical equipment repair and maintenance, and a few manufacturers produced simple agricultural products processing machinery. From 1953 to 1960, the government promoted the first and second phases of the 4-year economic construction plan. China’s light industries, such as the agricultural product processing industry, textile industry, and plastics industry, have achieved considerable development under active guidance. You can start your production and manufacture of relatively simple machinery and several machine tools imported from abroad, such as lathes, planers, drilling machines, pumps, and various small machines.
Since then, the government has actively encouraged the development of high-precision products and introduced technology to modern production.
At the same time, quality control and satellite factory systems have been implemented. The production volume has begun to increase significantly, and the quality has also improved. At this time, the development of the domestic machinery industry has a considerable foundation, capable of producing all kinds of industrial machinery, unit equipment and components, transportation tools, precision equipment, castings, forgings, etc., manufacturing industries such as textiles, electronics, electrical appliances, motors, machinery, etc. Export sales are booming.
It can be said that it was the embryonic stage of my country’s machinery industry before 1980. The completed infrastructure investment, such as large steel mills and petrochemical plants, provided important basic materials needed for industrialization and fully supported
To support the foundation of industrial development, the whole society has launched a general mobilization towards an industrialized country, and Taiwan has already taken shape as a manufacturing factory in the world. Between 1981 and 2010, Taiwan's machinery industry has created a growth rate of more than 10 times, which can be divided into three growth stages.
The period from 1981 to 1990 was a high growth period, and the average annual growth rate of output value was 14.3%. During this period, my country’s machinery industry began to have the ability to follow the domestic manufacturing
Mainly develop and design industrial production machinery, and have obtained quality recognition from international customers. The export market has begun to shift from OEM to its brand, and products have also begun to extend from consumer machinery products to capital-based production equipment.
In terms of government policies, in the late 1970s, after the impact of two energy crises, the government gradually realized that the machinery industry has the characteristics of high energy efficiency, high added value, high technology intensiveness, and has a broad market development potential, which is quite in line with China’s industrial development. condition. From 1982 to 1991, the government officially classified the machinery industry as a strategic industry and actively carried out counseling work. It established a "Machinery Industry Investigation and Research Group" to assist manufacturers in establishing a management system and drafted a "Mechanical Industry Counseling Method" as a guidance machine. The direction of industrial operations is to make the machinery industry a highly growing industry.
During the 10 years from 1991 to 2000, the average annual growth rate of the output value of my country's machinery industry was 7.0%, which was a stable growth stage. At this time, mainland China was reforming and opening up, and Taiwan’s manufacturing system also began.
Through Hong Kong and Macao to enter the South China region of mainland China, opening up the connection between mainland China and the global economy. my country’s machinery export market began to shift from the US market to the Chinese mainland market. Production machinery and equipment have become mainstream products. Taiwan has become the world’s most important industrial machinery and production automation equipment manufacturer and exporter. China is the largest export market for Taiwan’s machinery.
Since 2001, the average annual growth rate of the output value of the machinery industry has been 7.6%. Taiwan's machinery industry has gradually matured into the international market, and there has been a tug of war of international competition. another
On the other hand, the magnetic attraction effect caused by the rapid economic growth of Mainland China has almost brought global economic activities to the Asian region dominated by Mainland China. Coupled with the financial turmoil and the impact of energy and environmental protection, China’s machinery industry has faced increasing global competition. In addition to severe pressure, we must also face the urgent pressure of industrial transformation and upgrading. The high-tech industry has become the core industry of Taiwan's manufacturing industry, and the autonomy of equipment has become an important pillar of the upgrading of mechanical technology. With the strong promotion of production, education, and research, the autonomy of equipment has become the most concerned topic of the machinery and equipment industry in the early 21st century.
Taiwan's industrial characteristics
According to the data from the Ministry of Economic Affairs' industrial statistical survey report, my country’s machinery industry has more than 20,000 manufacturers with approximately 420,000 employees, accounting for 17.3% of the total number of employees in the manufacturing industry. Analyzing the operating scale of machinery manufacturers, more than 90% are businesses with less than 30 employees. This kind of industrial structure and business model with small and medium-sized enterprises as the main body, combined with the existing domestic perfect supply system and industrial clusters, has gradually constructed the domestic machinery industry with the characteristics of good production flexibility, fast market response, and a high degree of specialization in processing technology. Effectively adjust production and sales strategies at any time in response to changes in the environment and the market. However, due to the small scale of the company, the investment in product research and development, talent cultivation, brand building, and channel expansion is limited. That is, the scale of capital limits the company's territory and affects the global competitiveness of industries and manufacturers.
Regardless of the national, social, and economic perspectives, the machinery industry occupies a key and important strategic position. Entering the era of the knowledge economy, mechanical products have shown many features such as high technology integration, short life cycle, high differentiation, emphasis on energy conservation and environmental protection, emphasis on services, and high integration with software and networks. To cope with industrial pulsation and technological progress, as well as the fierce competition from globalization, Taiwan’s machinery industry should not only develop innovative technologies and improve competitiveness through product differentiation to be in line with the world, but also make good use of its existing advantages, actively deepen its core capabilities, and Combine IT technology to strengthen the innovation and future of mechanical technology. With the development of Taiwan's manufacturing industry toward high-tech industries and the continuous expansion of the global application of advanced manufacturing technology, it is expected that the demand for emerging machinery and equipment will continue to flourish. This is an opportunity for Taiwan's machinery industry to develop toward precision machinery and advanced manufacturing. By then, Taiwan will be promoted to become a global center for precision machinery manufacturing and a base for advanced manufacturing. The machinery industry's vision of trillion yuan is expected.