As a trust machine, the block chain brings opportunities for efficient collaboration between institutions, institutions, people, and equipment. The collaboration between block chain and industrial Internet is imperative.
The global epidemic has not yet been effectively controlled. In response to the risks, the country has also proposed a "new infrastructure" to boost economic growth and mitigate the downside risks of the global economy. Also published an article saying that "new infrastructure" has become a development consensus, which not only represents the future direction of high-quality economic development, but also becomes a new engine for the development of the digital economy, and will become a basic production tool for the society like water and air. Among them, as many export-oriented industrial enterprises directly facing the downturn of the global economy, whether they can withstand this risk, and building the digital capabilities of enterprises under the opportunity of the new infrastructure will become the key to rapid economic recovery after the epidemic. As a trust machine, the block chain provides a safe, efficient, and credible technical method, which brings opportunities for solving the problem of efficient collaboration between institutions, institutions, people, and equipment. Therefore, the chain (block chain) network (industrial Internet) collaboration is imperative.
The "Three Mountains" of Manufacturing
Manufacturing has a decisive position for a big country, which is also an important reason why President Trump has proposed to return manufacturing to the United States in recent years. China is a major manufacturing country, and the level of development of the manufacturing industry is related to the development of the country and the living standards of the people. However, in recent years, China's manufacturing enterprises have encountered some difficulties and problems in their business development. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the "three big mountains", "the iceberg of the market, the high mountain of financing, and the volcano of transformation", are most prominent. These "three mountains" hit the pain points of manufacturing enterprises. For example, there are many restrictions on market access, and various "rolling door", "glass door" and "revolving door" are urgently needed to be broken; changes in the external environment, especially the spread of the epidemic this year, have been adopted in many countries Including the means of blocking the source of infection, global consumption has been suppressed by the pneumonia epidemic. This situation puts tremendous pressure on the export of enterprises. Due to partial disconnection from consumer demand or insufficient ability to resist risks, the products cannot be sold; financing has encountered obstacles, which has led to tight capital chains for enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises. Enterprise reinvestment and development capabilities; product quality, technical standards, and brand recognition are not high, and fierce market competition has led to difficulties in enterprise transformation. These problems have become "barriers" to the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, and are also the key issues that must be solved for China's economy to move toward high-quality development. Only by removing the "three mountains" mentioned by the general secretary can we create a better environment for the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.
For example, in the field of electronic information, SMT (Surface Mount Technology) as a new generation of electronic assembly technology is an important basic industry with a wide range of applications. Since the reform and opening-up, China's electronic information industry has made tremendous achievements, and the SMT industry has contributed greatly. My country's SMT industry is developing rapidly, and it has become the world's largest and most important electronic manufacturing service market. The number of SMT production lines in the country exceeds 80,000, of which China Electronic Information Industry Group has more than 400 production lines. But for some time, market, financing, transformation, and other issues have restricted the high-quality development of the industry. From a market perspective, with the acceleration of the development of the electronic information industry, users' needs for high-end equipment, substitute production, quality control, and timeliness of delivery are becoming more and more strong, and the product quality and technical standards of traditional SMT production enterprises are difficult to meet the demand. At the same time, SMT's multi-variety and small-batch characteristics lead to high procurement costs and difficulty in developing substitute materials business, which poses great challenges to SMT companies. The development of the market has seriously affected financing, and the gross profit of the SMT industry has gradually decreased. Small and micro-enterprises among them have begun to face difficulties in financing and expensive financing. From the perspective of transformation, on the one hand, fierce competition forces enterprises to transform. On the other hand, enterprises lack low-cost funding sources, resulting in insufficient investment in high-end equipment, product quality, technical standards, and brand recognition. Development, in the "transitional crater", enterprises are advancing and retreating.
As another example, in the field of consumption (retail), as the new generation of "post-00" has gradually become the main force of social production and consumption, their living taste and cognitive level are significantly different from their parents, and consumption upgrades have already occurred. E-commerce platforms featuring the Internet, smart vending equipment, O2O, and other models are increasingly becoming a form of consumption accepted by society. Under this background, advanced technologies such as the Internet, block chain, big data, and artificial intelligence will play a very important role in promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and are an effective means to solve the pain points of enterprise development. However, due to the application of new e-commerce platforms and other technologies, and the exploration of new business models, they often have high costs and high risks. Under the pressure of survival, most small and medium-sized enterprises have no ability and willingness to adopt new technologies and explore new models, resulting in ineffective Good, can not adapt to new market needs.
Faced with these challenges, how should Chinese companies breakthrough?
In 2012, General Electric Company of America first proposed the concept of "industrial Internet". According to the statement at the time, "Industrial Internet is the connection of people, data and machines." In recent years, due to the rapid rise in labor costs, companies urgently need to use the Internet of Things to reduce their dependence on labor and improve productivity and quality. Specifically, the enterprise closely connects equipment, production lines, employees, factories, warehouses, suppliers, products and customers through an open and global communication network platform, sharing various elements and resources of the entire process of industrial production, so that Its digitization, networking, automation, and intelligence enable it to increase efficiency and reduce costs. At present, many giants have launched their own platforms, and there are international high-quality solution providers such as Siemens, ABB, and GE. The Chinese market also has participants such as Haier, China Aerospace Science and Technology, Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent. It seems that the traditional manufacturing industry has high hopes for the industrial Internet.
The more participants, the bigger the problem with the Industrial Internet?
In 2020, the Industrial Internet is included in China's new infrastructure. According to the plan currently seen, the new infrastructure will consist of 22,000 projects, continue to invest for many years, and a large plan with a total investment value of 49.6 trillion yuan will be implemented in 2020. 7.6 trillion yuan. As an integral part of the new infrastructure, there is no doubt that the Industrial Internet will develop rapidly in the coming years.
Despite the large number of participants, all of which are the world's top technology companies, the technology sounds very advantageous, and the country also pays attention to it, but the Industrial Internet also has its defects and problems that are difficult to solve.
Poor network connectivity
Unlike the consumer Internet with a unified and open network, the Industrial Internet currently does not have a unified communication protocol. Different industrial devices have different data interface access interfaces, leading to difficulties in data acquisition and circulation. To put it simply, the Industrial Internet itself wants to connect factories, suppliers and enterprise customers, but because everyone uses different equipment or different levels, even the communication protocol may be different, which leads to The industrial network is fragmented, the information transmission between enterprises is difficult, and real-time interconnection is not possible.
Network and data security is difficult to guarantee
Each industry has its own personalized network security needs. A common network security solution cannot fully meet the deep-seated needs of all industries. It is difficult to form a general network security solution. Since the industrial Internet connects reality and the network, in addition to the theft and tampering of data files, security problems may also affect actual production and directly affect the safety of industrial operations.
Block chain opportunities
In response to the new needs and challenges facing the current Industrial Internet, block chain technology provides a "supply-side reform" solution for efficient collaboration and innovative management in the industrial field. Block chain technology is called "the machine of trust" and it is a disruptive technology that is leading a new round of technological and industrial changes in the world. It is expected to become a "source of origin" for global technological innovation and model innovation, and promote the "information Internet". "Value Internet" changes. At present, China's block chain industry is gradually taking shape, and it has begun to be rapidly applied in the fields of supply chain finance, credit reporting, product traceability, copyright protection, digital identity, government data transfer, and epidemic prevention. Accelerating the in-depth integration of block chain and industrial Internet is conducive to the “reduction of costs” and “improvement of efficiency” of the real economy, the establishment of an “integrity industrial environment”, and the promotion of technological, organizational and efficiency changes in China ’s economic system. For enterprises, the core value of the block chain is to comprehensively record the data of the company's daily production and operation activities through technical means, and provide true and credible, unalterable trust support for quality supervision, product sales, and financing activities. The specific ideas are as follows:
"Carrying out the research on" In-depth application and innovative development of industrial Internet + block chain "is very important to promote the digital, networked, and intelligent transformation of China's industrial production and promote the high-quality development of the real economy." Chen Chun said. Gao Zhipeng, a professor at Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, believes that in the future, block chain and industrial Internet will achieve integrated development in multiple fields such as logo analysis, collaborative manufacturing, supply chain finance, edge cloud collaboration, and industry innovation applications. The deputy chief engineer of the China Industrial Internet Research Institute said that the essence and core of the Industrial Internet are too tightly connect and integrate equipment, production lines, factories, suppliers, products, and customers to form cross-device, cross-system, cross-plant, cross-region Interconnection. Block chain technology is a brand-new infrastructure and distributed computing paradigm with multi-center, non-tamper able data, traceability, and other characteristics, so it has broad prospects for innovative applications in the field of the industrial Internet.
According to the opinions of industry experts, to further strengthen the improvement of block chain on the competitiveness of enterprises and the external environment, it is necessary to seize the "two ends" of enterprise production and operation activities: the manufacturing end and the consumer end. Only by realizing the authenticity of the data at these two ends can we achieve the full integration of the company's entire production and operation activities, comprehensively improve the company's production capacity and sales capacity, and enhance the trust of the government, partners, financial institutions and consumers in the enterprise. Solve the "iceberg of the market" by satisfying consumer needs and enhancing consumer confidence; provide real proof of the authenticity of trade and repayment ability of banks and other financial institutions through real and effective production and sales data, and cross the "mountain of financing"; In the end, with the improvement of competitiveness and the improvement of the external environment, it helps companies successfully cross the "transition volcano".
The four "power points" of the chain network collaboration
The main points discussed above are ideas. On top of the block chain technology, a collaboration platform can be created for multiple participants in the industrial ecosystem. Everyone can retain their privacy and unwilling to share knowledge while sharing processes, rules, and Data under privacy protection. How to organically coordinate the industrial Internet and block chain technology in actual operation?
Block chain can bring considerable value in all aspects of manufacturing, especially data production and transmission related to industrial data, larger-scale data collaboration, effective supervision, and privacy protection. As a pioneer in the industry, Shanghai Shading Information Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Shanghai Shading Information Technology) has been committed to promoting block chain to empower the traditional economy and has also done a lot of exploratory work in the manufacturing industry.