Three Major Trends in Manufacturing Industry
One major trend is the ongoing adoption, development and embrace of manufacturing machines and systems that can do more with fewer humans involved. When you read the word “automation,” you probably think, “robot.” That’s part of it. But automation also refers to machines that are increasingly sophisticated and effective at performing a series of operations and/or adding a significant amount of value in a single handling of a part. And when we talk about “data-driven manufacturing” and “Industry 4.0,” ultimately we are talking about automation here as well, in the form of system-level automation aimed at sensing and identifying process changes and making appropriate responses that once would have required human intervention. A growing number of manufacturers today, including small ones, are mastering automation sufficiently to realize reliable lights-out processes that perform production at night while no employees are present. The companies able to do this have essentially found an outsource supplier within their own building, as they shift some work formerly done in the staffed daytime hours into the unattended hours at night.
2. Additive Manufacturing
The fastest moving arena of manufacturing right now, additive manufacturing — making parts through 3D printing — continues to advance and continues to realize possibilities that only a few years ago would have seemed beyond the capabilities of this set of processes. The most important development in additive manufacturing right now is its progress into becoming an option not just for end-use production parts, but for end-use production parts at quantities that (for some products) represent full-scale production. Additive manufacturing as a means of making parts permits part designs that are impractical or impossible with conventional manufacturing methods. Meanwhile, additive manufacturing as a means of making parts at production scale will transform and simplify supply chains by allowing much more of production to be performed very close to when and where the part is needed.
The very air of manufacturing is changing as people with different outlooks come into it, and these people are leading and influencing the development of different types of manufacturing organizations. I am part of Generation X. People my age were discouraged from seeing manufacturing as the worthy and challenging work it is. As a result, manufacturing has largely skipped a generation, as Boomer-age professionals with a career’s worth of experience in skilled manufacturing work are replaced by Millennial-age newcomers who frequently lack formal manufacturing training, but who are enthusiastic and ready to embrace the work of manufacturing without any of the resistance to it my generation carried. Employers able to make use of this new and different crop of talent have done so by systemizing their manufacturing processes, systemizing training and skill-development opportunities within these processes, and in many cases changing the very culture of their businesses in order to transition from relying on skilled craftsmen working independently to relying on attentive novices working in collaboration.
Article Source : mmsonline
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