The lathe is applied to the tool and rotated to perform various operations. It can be used for turning, tapping, forming turning, spiral cutting, finishing, passivation, boring, spinning, grinding, polishing, etc.
The main function of the lathe is to remove the material from the work piece and make the work piece the desired shape and size. During the travel of the lathe, the work piece is rotated against the tool to achieve material removal and the direction of tool movement becomes feed.
The main parts of the lathe are:
The headstock is usually located on the left side of the lathe and is equipped with gears, spindles, chucks, gear speed control levers, and feed controllers.
Usually located on the right side of the lathe, the work piece is supported at the end.
The main parts of the lathe, all parts are bolted to the bed. It includes the headstock, tailstock, carriage rails and other parts.
The carriage is located between the headstock and the tailstock and contains apron, saddle, compound rest, cross slide and tool post.
Lead screw is used to move the carriage automatically during threading.
It is used to move the carriage from left to right and vice versa.
It is present at the bottom of the lathe. Chip pan is used to collect the chips that are produced during the lathe operation.
It is the wheel which is operated by hand to move cross slide, carriage, tailstock and other parts which has hand wheel.
Lathe machine are generally divided into three types: Engine Lathe, Turret Lathe and Special Purpose Lathe.
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